Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 479--489

A descriptive study to assess the knowledge, attitude, practices, perceived barriers, and support regarding palliative care and end-of-life care among critical care nurses of tertiary care medical institute


1 College of Nursing, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Onco-Anesthesia and Palliative Medicine, Dr. BRAIRCH, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Rakesh Garg
Room No. 139, Fist Floor, Department of Onco-Anaesthesia and Palliative Medicine, Dr. BRAIRCH, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJPC.IJPC_227_19

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Introduction: The role of nurses working in critical care setup is one of the key members for optimal provision of the palliative care and end-of-life care (EOLC). This study aims to assess knowledge, attitude, practices, and perceived barriers regarding palliative and EOLC among critical care nurses. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 386 critical care nurses of a tertiary care center, selected through convenience sampling technique. Data related to knowledge, attitude, practices, and perceived barriers were collected using a standardized tool. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS version 24. Results: We observed that mean knowledge, attitude, and practice scores of critical care nurses were 9.83 ± 2.50 of 20, 104.91 ± 13.04 of 150, and 17.61 ± 4.36 of 27, respectively. One of the major barriers in providing palliative and EOLC was being called for attending to other newly admitted patients. The mean knowledge score of nurses was found to be significantly higher among female nurses (P = 0.016). Nurses who had additional training pertaining to palliative and EOLC had significantly higher mean knowledge (P = 0.001) and attitude scores (P = 0.02) than those who did not have such training. The mean practice (P = 0.02) and attitude score (P = 0.002) was significantly higher among postgraduate nurses as compared to nurses with lower qualification. The mean attitude score was significantly higher among nurses of lower age group (P = 0.04) along with a negative correlation of age of nurses with attitude (P = 0.01). Nurses' practice was positively correlated to the attitude (P = 0.001) and knowledge (P = 0.01). Conclusion: There is a considerable gap between critical care nurses' knowledge and practices, in spite of having a good attitude regarding palliative and EOLC. This necessitates the strengthening of both preservice and in-service education for nurses.






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