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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 440--444

Investigating the attitude of healthcare providers, patients, and their families toward “do not resuscitate” orders in an Iranian Oncology Hospital

1 Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences; Department of Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mahsa Nahidi
Psychiatry and Behavioral Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJPC.IJPC_29_19

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Aim: The decision-making process for do-not-resuscitate (DNR) order has always been challenging. Cultural and religious issues have limited the issuance and execution of DNR orders in Iran. The purpose of this study was to assess the attitude of the nurses, physicians, patients, and their families toward the DNR order. Subjects and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 343 participants (201 patients, 95 family members, and 47 healthcare providers) from Omid Oncology Hospital, Mashhad, Iran, were surveyed during 2017–2018. All the participants were asked to fill in a checklist of demographic information and a validated questionnaire about their attitude toward DNR orders after giving consent. The data were analyzed using SPSS software and values of P < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: Overall, 201 patients and 95 of their family members, as well as 47 healthcare providers (doctors and nurses), were surveyed. The mean age of participants was 48.75 ± 15.62 years. The attitude of the participants regarding the DNR order was significantly different in 10 of the 11 items (P ≤ 0.005). Among the three groups of participants, healthcare providers showed the most positive attitude regarding the DNR order. The attitude of participants regarding the DNR orders was significantly associated with age, occupation status, residential place, educational status, and income level (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Various factors, such as economic status, level of education, place of residence, and gender, can be effective on decision-making regarding the DNR orders. Unified and sustained education regarding moral and cultural issues can be helpful in the reconciliation of the attitudes between caregivers and patients.


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