Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 427--431

The palliative care information act and access to palliative care in terminally ill patients: A retrospective study


1 Department of Medicine, New York Methodist Hospital, Brooklyn, New York, USA
2 Department of Palliative Care Services, Kingsbrook Jewish Hospital, Brooklyn, New York, USA

Correspondence Address:
Kitty Victoria
Department of Medicine, New York Methodist Hospital, Brooklyn, New York
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-1075.191774

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Background: Studies have shown that over 50% of end-of-life discussions take place for the first time in the hospital and that terminally ill patients often have unrealistic views regarding the possible scope of treatment. The Palliative Care information Act (PCIA) was passed in an attempt to address the lack of access for terminally ill patients to palliative care services. A multi-database systematic review was performed on published studies from 2010 to present, and there were none found measuring the effectiveness of the PCIA. Objectives: We aimed to study the effect of the PCIA on access to palliative care services. Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all terminally ill patients who died at Kingsbrook Jewish Medical Center from January 2010 to August 2013 in relation to passing of the PCIA. Results: Prelaw (prior to the law passing), 12.3% of the terminal patients received palliative care consults, 25% during the transition period (time between passing of law and when it came into effect) and 37.7% postlaw (after coming into effect) (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Legislation can have a significant effect on terminally ill patient's access to palliative care services and can change the culture of a hospital to be more pro-palliative for the appropriate populations.






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