| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2016 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 416--426
Fatigue and quality of life outcomes of palliative care consultation: A prospective, observational study in a tertiary cancer center
Arunangshu Ghoshal, Naveen Salins, Jayita Deodhar, Anuja Damani, Mary Ann Muckaden
Department of Palliative Medicine, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Purpose: Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms seen in patients with advanced cancer. It is known to influence the Quality of Life (QoL) of patients. This study examines the interrelationship of fatigue and QoL in patients with advanced cancer on palliative care.
Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in the outpatient clinic of the Department of Palliative Medicine from January to June 2014. Patients with advanced cancer registered with hospital palliative care unit, meeting the inclusion criteria (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG] ≤3, Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale [ESAS] fatigue score ≥1), and willing to participate in the study were assessed for symptom burden (ESAS) and QoL (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL Core 15-Palliative module [EORTC-QoL PAL15]). All study patients received standard palliative care consultation and management. They were followed up in person or telephonically within 15-30 days from the first consult for assessment of outcomes.
Results: Of a total of 500 cases assessed at baseline, 402 were available for follow-up (median age of 52 years; 51.6% male). On the EORTC-QoL PAL15 scale, overall QoL, emotional functioning, and constipation were found to be significantly associated with severity of fatigue at baseline (P < 0.05). Statistically significant improvement in fatigue score was observed (P < 0.001) at follow-up. Improvement in physical functioning and insomnia were significantly associated with better fatigue outcomes.
Conclusions: Fatigue improved with the standard palliative care delivered at our specialty palliative care clinic. Certain clinical, biochemical factors and QoL aspects were associated with fatigue severity at baseline, improvement of which lead to lesser fatigue at follow-up.
Mary Ann Muckaden
Department of Palliative Medicine, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Clinical trial registration CTRI REF/2014/02/006537
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