Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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 ACUTE PALLIATIVE CARE CASE SERIES: CASE 1
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 72--75

Management of hemichorea hemiballismus syndrome in an acute palliative care setting


Department of Palliative Medicine, Tata Memorial Centre, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Anuja Damani
Department of Palliative Medicine, Tata Memorial Centre, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-1075.150193

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Hemichorea hemiballismus (HCHB) is a rare and debilitating presentation of hyperglycemia and subcortical stroke. Early identification, proper assessment and management of HCHB can lead to complete symptom relief. We describe a case of HCHB presenting to a palliative care setting. A 63-year-old diabetic and hypertensive lady, with history of ovarian cancer presented to Palliative Medicine outpatient clinic with two days history of right HCHB. Blood investigations and brain imaging showed high blood sugar levels and lacunar subcortical stroke. Blood sugar levels were controlled with human insulin and Aspirin. Clopidogrel and Atorvastatin were prescribed for the management of lacunar stroke. HCHB reduced markedly post-treatment, leading to significant reduction in morbidity and improvement in quality of life. The symptoms completely resolved within one week of starting the treatment and the patient was kept on regular home and outpatient follow up for further monitoring. Acute palliative care (APC) approach deals with the management of comorbidities and their complications along with supportive care. Prompt assessment and management of such complications lead to better patient outcomes.






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