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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 229--238

The perception of trauma patients from social support in adjustment to lower-limb amputation: A qualitative study


1 Department of Child and Family Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Student's Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Student's Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Behrouz Dadkhah
Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Student's Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-1075.138401

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Introduction: The effect of amputation on an individual's psychological condition as well as family and social relationships is undeniable because physical disability not just affects the psycho-social adjustment, but also the mental health. When compared to normal people, such people are mostly experiencing social isolation. On the other hand, social support is known as the most powerful force to cope with stressful situations and it allows patients to withstand problems. The present study aims to explain understanding the trauma of patients and the experience of support sources during the process of adaptation to a lower limb amputation. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted using qualitative content analysis. Participants included 20 patients with lower limb amputation due to trauma. Sampling was purposive initially and continued until data saturation. Unstructured interviews were used as the main method of data collection. Collected data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis and constant comparison methods. Results: The main theme extracted from the data was support sources. The classes include "supportive family", "gaining friends' support", "gaining morale from peers", and "assurance and satisfaction with the workplace." Conclusion: Given the high number of physical, mental and social problems in trauma patients, identifying and strengthening support sources can be effective in their adaptation with the disease and improvement of the quality of their life.






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