| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2013 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 83--87
Perceptions and attitudes towards organ donation among people seeking healthcare in tertiary care centers of coastal south India
Prasanna Mithra1, Prithvishree Ravindra1, B Unnikrishnan1, T Rekha1, Tanuj Kanchan2, Nithin Kumar1, Mohan Papanna1, Vaman Kulkarni1, Ramesh Holla1, K Divyavaraprasad1
1 Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Forensic Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
Background: Organ transplantation is the most preferred treatment modality for end-stage organ diseases. The need for the transplants is higher than the availability. Prerequisites for the success of transplantation program include awareness and positive attitudes.
Aim: To assess the perceptions and attitudes of the people seeking health care in tertiary care centers towards organ donation in Mangalore, India.
Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study included 863 people seeking general healthcare as outpatients.
Materials and Methods: Face to face interviews were carried out using pretested tools which included the socio demographic data. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 11.5.
Results: Overall, 59.6% participants showed the willingness to donate organs. Females (64.1%) and participants from upper socio economic status (62.7%) had higher willingness rates for organ donations. Hindus (63.6%) and Christians (63.3%) had higher willingness rates for organ donations than Muslims (38.2%). Also, 23.7% participants showed willingness to donate eyes and 33.6% wished to donate any organ after death. Most of the participants (67%) were aware that money should not be accepted for donating organs, and 58.1% were aware that it is an offence to accept any benefit for organ donations. Forty percent participants had perceived risks associated with organ donation. Regarding donor cards, 42.3% of the participants knew about it and 3.7% already possessed it.
Conclusion: It is apparent from the study that though there was high level of awareness about organ donation, a high proportion of the participants did not have positive attitudes towards organ donation.
Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka
Source of Support: Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR); Grant
number: 2010-00564., Conflict of Interest: None
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