Indian Journal of Palliative Care
Open access journal 
  Print this page Email this page   Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Users online: 464  
     Home | About | Feedback | Login 
  Current Issue Back Issues Editorial Board Authors and Reviewers How to Subscribe Advertise with us Contact Us Analgesic Prescription  
  Navigate Here 
 Resource Links
  »  Similar in PUBMED
 »  Search Pubmed for
 »  Search in Google Scholar for
 »Related articles
  »  Article in PDF (909 KB)
  »  Citation Manager
  »  Access Statistics
  »  Reader Comments
  »  Email Alert *
  »  Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

  In this Article
 »  Abstract
 »  Introduction
 »  Materials and Me...
 »  Results
 »  Discussion
 »  Conclusion
 »  References
 »  Article Figures
 »  Article Tables

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded323    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 11    

Recommend this journal


Table of Contents 
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 57-66

Reporting characteristics of cancer pain: A systematic review and quantitative analysis of research publications in palliative care journals

Department of Physiotherapy, Kasturba Medical College (Manipal University), Mangalore, India

Date of Web Publication29-Mar-2011

Correspondence Address:
Senthil P Kumar
Department of Physiotherapy, Kasturba Medical College (Manipal University), Mangalore
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1075.78451

Rights and Permissions

 » Abstract 

Objective: A common disorder requiring symptom palliation in palliative and end-of-life care is cancer. Cancer pain is recognized as a global health burden. This paper sought to systematically examine the extent to which there is an adequate scientific research base on cancer pain and its reporting characteristics in the palliative care journal literature.
Materials and Methods: Search conducted in MEDLINE and CINAHL sought to locate all studies published in 19 palliative/ hospice/ supportive/ end-of-life care journals from 2009 to 2010. The journals included were: American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, BMC Palliative Care, Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care, End of Life Care Journal, European Journal of Palliative Care, Hospice Management Advisor, Indian Journal of Palliative Care, International Journal of Palliative Nursing, Internet Journal of Pain Symptom Control and Palliative Care, Journal of Pain and Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy, Journal of Palliative Care, Journal of Palliative Medicine, Journal of Social Work in End-of-life and Palliative Care, Journal of Supportive Oncology, Palliative Medicine, Palliative and Supportive Care, and Supportive Care in Cancer. Journal contents were searched to identify studies that included cancer pain in abstract.
Results: During the years 2009 and 2010, of the selected 1,569 articles published in the journals reviewed, only 5.86% (92 articles) were on cancer pain.
Conclusion: While researchers in the field of palliative care have studied cancer pain, the total percentage for studies is still a low 5.86%. To move the field of palliative care forward so that appropriate guidelines for cancer pain management can be developed, it is critical that more research be reported upon which to base cancer pain therapy in an evidence-based palliative care model.

Keywords: Cancer pain, Palliative care research, Reporting characteristics

How to cite this article:
Kumar SP. Reporting characteristics of cancer pain: A systematic review and quantitative analysis of research publications in palliative care journals. Indian J Palliat Care 2011;17:57-66

How to cite this URL:
Kumar SP. Reporting characteristics of cancer pain: A systematic review and quantitative analysis of research publications in palliative care journals. Indian J Palliat Care [serial online] 2011 [cited 2021 Jun 14];17:57-66. Available from:

 » Introduction Top

Reporting of scientific research in journals had been a topic of research for many years. Medical information was published initially in newspapers which later evolved into scientific journals. [1],[2],[3] Analysis of reporting characteristics provides the current status of research publications in journals. Reporting characteristics were reviewed previously and published in a variety of journals in the fields of general medicine, [4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11],[12],[13],[14],[15],[16],[17],[18],[19],[20],[21],[22],[23] dentistry, [24],[25],[26] and in secondary journals [27] that involved medical specialties such as anesthesiology, [28],[29] dermatology, [30][,31],[32],[33],[34] emergency medicine, [35],[36] endocrinology, [37] gastroenterology, [38] hepatology, [32] ophthalmology, [39],[40] otorhinolaryngology, [41],[42] physiology, [43] pediatrics, [44],[45] pediatric dentistry, [46] pediatric psychology, [47] surgery, [48],[49] veterinary medicine [50] and also in allied health, [51] nursing [52] and rehabilitation. [53]

Whilst some papers were on comparison between general and specialty journals on specific reporting characteristics, [54],[55] few were on comparison between journals from a single database. [56] Most of the studies focused on reporting of ethical issues, [13],[14],[15],[24],[28],[34],[44],[45],[55] quality of reporting, [4],[5],[6],[9],[10],[11],[12],[16],[17],[18],[25],[31],[37],[38],[39],[40],[46],[48],[50],[53] research methodology [7],[19],[20],[32],[33],[35],[36],[41],[45],[47] and statistical issues, [8],[21],[22],[26],[29],[43] very few studies were focused on reporting characteristics for clinical topics such as diagnosis, [30],[38],[40],[52] and/or treatment [53],[57] for diseases or disorders. [57],[58],[59]

Among the three papers that previously studied reporting characteristics specific to a patient population of cancer, one was on breast cancer, [57] one on Hodgkin's lymphoma [58] while one was on a methodological aspect of reporting. [59] Vitry [57] identified the methodological shortcomings of medical intervention studies on patients with breast cancer and the author warned about exaggeration of therapeutic effects of many drugs due to inappropriate statistical methods of reporting in the reviewed clinical trials. Kober et al.,[58] in their paper studied the quality of reporting in clinical trials of patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma where they compared the pre-CONSORT period with the post-CONSORT period and the authors found very few studies of high quality. Mathoulin-Pelissier et al.,[59] found inadequate reporting of survival end-points in randomized clinical trials of cancer in oncology journals.

Palliative care is a multidisciplinary profession and is being recognized as a separate field on its own. Evidence-based palliative care (EBPC) involved integrating effective research findings with clinical expertise and patient preferences towards better individualized provision of care for patients. [60] Evidence-based practice (EBP) in palliative care involves a step-by-step process of five distinct steps: formulation of research question, search for evidence, [61] critical appraisal of evidence, [62],[63],[64] implementation of evidence into practice, and outcome measurement. Often, the scientific rigor of systematic reviews had little or impact on a realistic clinical practice scenario to provide 'high-level' evidence. [65]

Clinical decision-making is a combination of art, statistics, experimentalism and EBP. [66] Thus evidence can be used to 'inform' current practice and it can further pave the way for development of suitable policy change. [67] Finding evidence for common clinical queries and presence of 'conclusive' evidence is always virtually impossible thus making application of evidence into practice a myth. [68] Absence of evidence is often misunderstood as evidence of absence. Evidence-informed practice (EIP) is an extended evolution of EBP in that it allows clinicians to apply their wealth of knowledge and experience and skills in the presence of 'inconclusive or insufficient' evidence. [69],[70],[71],[72],[73] However, it is also possible to integrate EBP and EIP in current practice, [74] and use of practice-based evidence established from qualitative studies also adds value in EIP. [75]

Cancer is a common clinical condition encountered in palliative care and pain is a common symptom addressed by healthcare professionals in a palliative care team. Cancer pain is no longer understood as a symptom, syndrome or a mechanism, it is a phenomenon. [76] The global burden of cancer pain and its impact on a patient's quality of life is well understood. In palliative care, shared decision-making is often facilitated through presence of adequate evidence. Though a large amount of evidence existed for the prevalence of cancer pain, [77] and its under-treatment, [78] with equally large number of evidence-based practice recommendations and guidelines, [79],[80],[81],[82] evidence for analysis of reporting characteristics on cancer pain was not found in the medical, oncological or palliative care literature.

Previously published studies on analysis of palliative care journals were on reporting of moral problems (ethical issues), [83] euthanasia, [84] chaplains and community-based clergy, [85],[86] and religion and spirituality. [86],[87],[88] Thus there is a need to evaluate the reporting characteristics of cancer pain in palliative care journal literature in order to soundly implicate the establishment of evidence-based palliative care (EBPC).The objective of this paper was to perform a quantitative analysis of research articles on cancer pain published in palliative care journals in the years 2009 and 2010.

 » Materials and Methods Top

Search strategy and criteria

Journals with names such as supportive, palliative, end-of-life, and hospice were included and searched from 2009 till 2010 for English abstracted papers in MEDLINE and CINAHL.

Data synthesis

The total number of articles in all the selected journals was taken as N. The number of included articles (N 2 ) based on search criteria were compared with number of articles that had 'cancer and pain' in abstract (N 1 ) to obtain reporting rates (N 1 /N 2 %) for each journal. Such an estimate provided a gross reporting rate (GRR). Articles were later categorized as maximally related to cancer pain (studies where description was present as cancer pain; studies on cancer which included pain; studies on pain which also included cancer; and studies on cancer where pain was an outcome). The articles maximally related to cancer pain were termed as 'mainly' on cancer pain. The corrected reporting rates for individual journals were obtained by dividing this number of articles 'mainly' on cancer pain (N 3 ) by total number of included articles (N 2 ) from that journal. This estimate provided the corrected reporting rate (CRR=N 3 /N 2 %).

The journals were categorized broadly into MEDLINE-indexed and CINAHL-indexed. The reporting rates between MEDLINE-indexed and CINAHL-indexed journals were also compared for number of articles 'mainly' on cancer pain. Similarly, the reporting rates were compared for multidisciplinary, medical, nursing and other (social work) categories of palliative care journals. Comparison was also done for general versus cancer-specific palliative care journals.

The studies which were maximally related to cancer pain were then categorized into original articles and review articles. The original articles were then again grouped into qualitative and quantitative studies. Quantitative studies were then sub-grouped based upon study designs. The number of articles reported in each of the final subgroups was computed. The procedure of data synthesis is explained in the schematic flowchart [Figure 1].
Figure 1: Schematic flowchart for data synthesis used in this study

Click here to view

Data analysis

Descriptive analysis using frequencies for number of studies with respective percentiles was used for reporting characteristics and was done using 95% confidence interval by SPSS Version 11.5 (SPSS Inc, IL). Comparison between journals and article categories was done visually.

 » Results Top

Overall journals' characteristics

The study included 19 palliative care journals with a total number of 2600 articles. AJHPC- Am J Hosp Palliat Care; BMCPC- BMC Palliat Care; COSPC- Curr Opin Support Palliat Care; EOLCJ- End Life Care J; EJPC- Eur J Palliat Care; HMA- Hosp Manage Adv; IJPC- Indian J Palliat Care; IJPN- Int J Palliat Nurs; IJPSCPC- Internet J Pain Symptom Control Palliat Care; JPPCP- J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother; JPC- J Palliat Care; JPM- J Palliat Med; JSWELPC- J Soc Work End Life Palliat Care; JSO- J Support Oncol; PCRT- Palliat Care Res Treat; PM- Palliat Med; PSC- Palliat Support Care; PPC- Progress Palliat Care; SCC- Support Care Cancer. Overall characteristics are outlined in [Table 1].
Table 1: Overall journals' characteristics

Click here to view

Out of a total of 1600 selected articles, 92 were on cancer pain with an overall reporting rate of 5.86% [Figure 2].
Figure 2: Overall prevalence of reporting cancer pain (corrected reporting rate) in all the palliative care journals

Click here to view

Individually, AJHPC had 10 articles, [89],[90],[91],[92],[93],[94],[95],[96],[97],[98] BMCPC had one article, [99] COSPC had four articles, [100],[101],[102],[103] EOLCJ had one, [104] EJPC had seven articles, [105],[106],[107],[108],[109],[110],[111] IJPC had five articles, [112],[113],[114],[115],[116] IJPN had two articles, [117],[118] JPPCP had five articles, [119],[120],[12],[122],[123] JPC had six articles, [124],[125],[126],[127],[128],[9] JPM had 13 articles, [130],[131],[132],[133],[134],[135],[136],[137],[138],[139],[140],[141],[142] JSO had four articles, [143],[144],[145],[146] PM had eight articles [147],[148],[149],[150],[151],[152],[153],[154] and SCC had 26 articles [155],[156],[157],[158],[159],[160],[161],[162],[163],[164],[165],[166],[167],[168],[169],[170],[171],[172],[173],[174],[175],[176],[177],[178],[179],[180] 'mainly' on cancer pain. Also refer to [Table 2] for respective reporting rates and to [Figure 3] for comparison of number of 'cancer pain' articles and 'non-cancer pain' articles between the journals.
Table 2: Comparison of articles published in palliative care journals and their respective reporting rates of articles on cancer pain

Click here to view
Figure 3: Comparison of reporting rates of articles 'mainly' on cancer pain-corrected reporting rate between palliative care journals

Click here to view

The first category included 12 journals indexed in MEDLINE: AJHPC, BMCPC, COSPC, IJPN, JPPCP, JPC, JPM, JSO, JSWELPC, PSC, PM and SCC. The second category included seven journals indexed in CINAHL: PCRT, EJPC, IJPC, IJPSCPC, PPC, ELCJ and HMA. The reporting rate for articles 'mainly' related to cancer pain in MEDLINE-indexed journals was 5.60% (78/1392) and in CINAHL-indexed journals was 7.34% (13/177) [Table 2] and [Figure 4].
Figure 4: Comparison of corrected reporting rates between MEDLINE- and CINAHL-indexed journals

Click here to view

The reporting rate for articles 'mainly' related to cancer pain in multidisciplinary journals was highest at 6.69% (69/1031) followed by medical journals at 5.15% (21/407) and one nursing journal at 1.52% (2/131). Also refer to [Table 2] and [Figure 5].
Figure 5: Comparison of corrected reporting rates between multidisciplinary, medical and nursing palliative care journals

Click here to view

All journals were focused on the general patient population except two-SCC and JSO which were cancer-specific and incidentally both were also under the 'supportive' name category. The two cancer-specific palliative care journals had a higher reporting rate of 8.42% (30/356) than general palliative care journals at 5.11% (62/1213). Also refer to [Table 2] and [Figure 6].
Figure 6: Comparison of corrected reporting rates between general and cancer-specific palliative care journals

Click here to view

Characteristics of 'cancer pain' articles

Of the 92 articles [89],[90],[91],[92],[93],[94],[95],[96],[97],[98],[99],[100],[101],[102],[103],[104],[105],[106],[107],[108],[109],[110],[111],[112],[113],[114],[115],[116],[117],[118],[119],[120],[121],[122],[123],[124],[125],[126],[127],[128],[129],[130],[131],[132],[133],[134],[135],[136],[137],[138],[139],[140],[141],[142],[143],[144],[145],[146],[147],[148],[149],[150],[151],[152],[153],[154],[155],[156],[157],[158],[159],[160],[161],[162],[163],[164],[165],[166],[167],[168],[169],[170],[171],[172],[173],[174],[175],[176],[177],[178],[179],[180] on 'cancer pain', there were 68 original articles [89],[90],[91],[92],[93],[94],[95],[96],[97],[98],[99],[104],[105],[112],[113],[114],[115],[116],[117],[121],[123],[124],[125],[126],[127],[128],[130],[131],[132],[133],[134],[135],[136],[137],[138],[140],[141],[142],[143],[146],[147],[148],[149],[150],[151],[152],[154],[156],[157],[159],[160],[161],[162],[163],[165],[166],[167],[168],[169],[170],[171],[172],[173],[174],[175],[177],[178],[179] and 24 review articles. [100],[101],[102],[103],[106],[107],[108],[109],[110],[111],[118],[119],[120],[122],[129],[139],[144],[145],[153],[158],[164],[176],[180] Among the original articles, there were 12 qualitative studies [115],[116],[118],[119],[120],[122],[124],[126],[127],[128],[155],[169],[170],[171],[173] and 56 quantitative studies. [89],[90],[91],[92],[93],[94],[95],[96],[97],[98],[99],[104],[105],[112],[113],[114],[117],[121],[123],[125],[130],[131],[132],[133],[134],[135],[136],[137],[138],[140],[141],[142],[143],[146],[147],[148],[149],[150],[151],[152],[154],[156],[157],[159],[160],[161],[162],[163],[165],[166],[167],[168],[172],[174],[175],[177],[178],[179] There were eight randomized clinical trials, [94],[143],[150],[157],[161],[162],[167],[177] 12 non-randomized clinical trials, [89],[99],[113],[125],[137],[147],[149],[151],[163],[172],[175],[178] 11 cohort studies, [95],[97],[121],[123],[130],[131],[133],[154],[156],[165],[168] zero case-control studies, 10 cross-sectional studies [93],[96],[114],[132],[134],[135],[152],[159],[166],[179] and 15 case reports [90],[91],[92],[98],[104],[105],[112],[117],[136],[138],[140],[141],[142],[146],[160] among the quantitative studies and there were two non-randomized clinical trials [115],[147] one cohort study, [116] and nine cross-sectional studies [124],[126],[127],[128],[155],[169],[170],[171],[173] among the qualitative studies. There were six systematic reviews [129],[153],[158],[164],[176],[180] and 18 narrative reviews [100],[101],[102],[103],[106],[107],[108],[109],[11],[111],[118],[119],[120],[122],[139],[144],[145] on cancer pain [Table 3].
Table 3: Characteristics of articles on cancer pain in terms of their type of article, method of research and study design

Click here to view

Evidence From Systematic Reviews And Randomized Clinical Trials Of Cancer Pain

The six systematic reviews [129],[153],[158],[164],[176],[180] and eight randomized clinical trials [94],[143],[150],[157],[161],[162],[167],[177] provided an evidence base as found from this review. The systematic reviews constituted 6.52% (6/92) and randomized clinical trials 8.69% (8/92) of the 92 cancer pain articles. But overall, they constituted meager reporting rates of 0.38% (6/1569) and 0.50% (8/1569) respectively for all journals combined for the years 2009 and 2010. The highest level of evidence (Level 1: Systematic reviews and randomized clinical trials) was thus reported in only 0.89% among all included articles and in 15.21% among those articles on cancer pain.

The two systematic reviews on assessments were on classification of cancer pain, [153] and orofacial pain due to cancer therapy; [158] and the four systematic reviews on treatments were on transdermal fentanyl, [129] intraspinal techniques, [164] massage therapy, [176] and cognitive effects of opioids. [180]

 » Discussion Top

This study is essentially the first of its kind to review palliative care journals utilizing a systematic approach to quantitatively identify reporting characteristics of articles on cancer pain. This study is the largest, and has included 19 palliative care journals. The previous authors, Hermsen and ten Have, reviewed 12 palliative care journals from 1984 to 1999, [83],[84] found a reporting rate of 12% for ethical issues (458 articles) and the euthanasia rate was unreported (75 articles). Hermsen and ten Have [86] reviewed 12 journals from 1984-2002 and found a reporting rate of 2% for 80 articles on spirituality, pastoral care and religion. Flanelly et al.,[85] reviewed three palliative care journals from 1990-1999 and they found a reporting rate of 5.6% (47/838) for articles on the role of chaplains and clergy. The reason why this study found a smaller reporting rate could be due to the increased number of journals but this must have been counteracted by a shorter included duration of years of publication. This study included journals indexed in MEDLINE and CINAHL since they are the common databases for evidence search and this analysis of the last two years provided information on recent reporting rates.

The study found some interesting observations-some expected, some rather unexpected. The two expected observations include: Higher reporting rates among multidisciplinary palliative care journals since a 'multidisciplinary' focus for cancer pain had long been established in clinical palliative care practice, and, cancer-specific journals reported greater number of articles on cancer pain, more than other general palliative care journals. The unexpected observation was of higher reporting among CINAHL journals, but users should remember that though the Indian Journal of Palliative Care (IJPC) was included as a CINAHL journal as per the review date, the journal was indexed in MEDLINE, but not yet abstracted. Considering that IJPC was the second highest in reporting articles on cancer pain, this could change the review findings if performed at a later date.

The study was not aimed to perform a qualitative analysis or appraisal of the included articles (third step in EBP) since it was aimed more at finding the amount of existing evidence (second step in EBP). Lesser reporting rates may be attributed to already existing adequate research base for cancer pain, which again needs periodical updating for establishing the worthiness of the evidence since EBP emphasizes 'current evidence'. Another area relatively less addressed is "refractory pain' or "breakthrough pain". Healthcare professionals need to be aware of the relatively lesser reporting of cancer pain in palliative care journal literature and should shoulder the responsibility to foster better number of reporting high-quality research on cancer pain. In future, such reviews could be performed with quality appraisal and identify the quality of reporting in cancer pain articles. Also, reviews on other related journals like oncology or cancer journals and anesthesia or pain journals may yield different results. This also opens a new area of debate on probable publication bias among certain journals which at present could not be studied or commented upon. Comparison of reporting characteristics between journals based on their specialty would direct clinicians to find research appropriate to answer their relevant clinical questions during EBPC.

 » Conclusion Top

The overall prevalence in reporting of articles on cancer pain was low, only 5.86% among the 19 palliative care journals in this study reported 'cancer pain'. Among the 19 palliative care journals, J Palliat Care ranked the highest to report articles which were mainly on cancer pain with a prevalence rate of 15.78%, followed by Indian J Palliat Care with 13.15% and J Support Oncol with 9.52%. The lowest reporting rate was found at 0% for Palliat Support Care. CINAHL-indexed, multidisciplinary and cancer-specific palliative care journals had a higher reporting rate than the MEDLINE-indexed ones, unidisciplinary, and general journals respectively. The systematic reviews constituted 6.52% (6/92) and randomized clinical trials 8.69% (8/92) of the 92 cancer pain articles. There is a need for better reporting of more research articles on cancer pain in palliative care journals.

 » References Top

1.Garwin RL. Science Reporting in Journals and Newspapers. Science 1963;139:1098-100.  Back to cited text no. 1
2.Entwistle V. Reporting research in medical journals and newspapers. BMJ 1995;310:920-3.  Back to cited text no. 2
3.Steinbrook R. Medical journals and medical reporting. N Engl J Med 2000;342:1668-71.  Back to cited text no. 3
4.Chen Y, Li J, Ai C, Duan Y, Wang L, Zhang M et al. Assessment of the quality of reporting in abstracts of randomized controlled trials published in five leading Chinese medical journals. PLoS One 2010;5:e11926.  Back to cited text no. 4
5.Wang L, Li Y, Li J, Zhang M, Xu L, Yuan W et al. Quality of reporting of trial abstracts needs to be improved: Using the CONSORT for abstracts to assess the four leading Chinese medical journals of traditional Chinese medicine. Trials 2010;11:75.  Back to cited text no. 5
6.Reveiz L, Cortés-Jofré M, Asenjo Lobos C, Nicita G, Ciapponi A, Garcìa-Dieguez M et al; Iberoamerican Cochrane Network. Influence of trial registration on reporting quality of randomized trials: Study from highest ranked journals. J Clin Epidemiol 2010;63:1216-22.  Back to cited text no. 6
7.Toerien M, Brookes ST, Metcalfe C, de Salis I, Tomlin Z, Peters TJ. A review of reporting of participant recruitment and retention in RCTs in six major journals. Trials 2009;10:52.   Back to cited text no. 7
8. He J, Jin Z, Yu D. Statistical reporting in Chinese biomedical journals. Lancet 2009;373:2091-3.  Back to cited text no. 8
9.Berwanger O, Ribeiro RA, Finkelsztejn A, Watanabe M, Suzumura EA, Duncan BB et al. The quality of reporting of trial abstracts is suboptimal: Survey of major general medical journals. J Clin Epidemiol 2009;62:387-92.  Back to cited text no. 9
10.Tharyan P, Premkumar TS, Mathew V, Barnabas JP, Manuelraj. Editorial policy and the reporting of randomised controlled trials: A survey of instructions for authors and assessment of trial reports in Indian medical journals. Natl Med J India 2008;21:62-8.  Back to cited text no. 10
11.Folkes A, Urquhart R, Grunfeld E. Are leading medical journals following their own policies on CONSORT reporting? Contemp Clin Trials 2008;29:843-6.  Back to cited text no. 11
12.Xu L, Li J, Zhang M, Ai C, Wang L. Chinese authors do need CONSORT: Reporting quality assessment for five leading Chinese medical journals. Contemp Clin Trials 2008;29:727-31.  Back to cited text no. 12
13.Bavdekar SB, Gogtay NJ, Wagh S. Reporting ethical processes in two Indian journals. Indian J Med Sci 2008;62:134-40.  Back to cited text no. 13
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
14.Gupta P. Reporting ethical processes in Indian journals. Indian J Med Sci 2008;62:129-31.  Back to cited text no. 14
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
15.Henley L. Reporting ethical processes in journals. Indian J Med Sci 2008;62:127-9.   Back to cited text no. 15
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
16.Wang G, Mao B, Xiong ZY, Fan T, Chen XD, Wang L et al; CONSORT Group for Traditional Chinese Medicine. The quality of reporting of randomised controlled trials of traditional Chinese medicine: A survey of 13 randomly selected journals from mainland China. Clin Ther 2007;29:1456-67.  Back to cited text no. 16
17.Ma IW, Khan NA, Kang A, Zalunardo N, Palepu A. Systematic review identified suboptimal reporting and use of race/ethnicity in general medical journals. J Clin Epidemiol 2007;60:572-8.  Back to cited text no. 17
18.Mills EJ, Wu P, Gagnier J, Devereaux PJ. The quality of randomised trial reporting in leading medical journals since the revised CONSORT statement. Contemp Clin Trials 2005;26:480-7.   Back to cited text no. 18
19.Hewitt C, Hahn S, Torgerson DJ, Watson J, Bland JM. Adequacy and reporting of allocation concealment: Review of recent trials published in four general medical journals. BMJ 2005;330:1057-8.   Back to cited text no. 19
20.Estabrooks P, Dzewaltowski DA, Glasgow RE, Klesges LM. Reporting of validity from school health promotion studies published in 12 leading journals. J Sch Health 2003;73:21-8.  Back to cited text no. 20
21.Moreira ED Jr, Stein Z, Susser E. Reporting on methods of subgroup analysis in clinical trials: A survey of four scientific journals. Braz J Med Biol Res 2001;34:1441-6.  Back to cited text no. 21
22.Pocock SJ, Hughes MD, Lee RJ. Statistical problems in the reporting of clinical trials. A survey of three medical journals. N Engl J Med 1987;317:426-32.  Back to cited text no. 22
23.Lehane A, O'Brien ET, O'Malley K. Reporting of blood pressure data in medical journals. Br Med J 1980;281:1603-4.  Back to cited text no. 23
24.Harrison JE. Orthodontic Clinical Trials III: Reporting of ethical issues associated with clinical trials published in three orthodontic journals between 1989 and 1998. J Orthod 2005;32:115-21.  Back to cited text no. 24
25.Harrison JE. Clinical trials in orthodontics II: Assessment of the quality of reporting of clinical trials published in three orthodontic journals between 1989 and 1998. J Orthod 2003;30:309-15  Back to cited text no. 25
26.Prihoda TJ, Schelb E, Jones JD. The reporting of statistical inferences in selected prosthodontic journals. J Prosthodont 1992;1:51-6.   Back to cited text no. 26
27.Devereaux PJ, Manns BJ, Ghali WA, Quan H, Guyatt GH. Reviewing the reviewers: The quality of reporting in three secondary journals. CMAJ 2001;164:1573-6.  Back to cited text no. 27
28.Myles PS, Tan N. Reporting of ethical approval and informed consent in clinical research published in leading anesthesia journals. Anesthesiology 2003;99:1209-13.  Back to cited text no. 28
29.Nagele P. Misuse of standard error of the mean (SEM) when reporting variability of a sample. A critical evaluation of four anaesthesia journals. Br J Anaesth 2003;90:514-6.  Back to cited text no. 29
30.Langan S, Schmitt J, Coenraads PJ, Svensson A, von Elm E, Williams H; European Dermato-Epidemiology Network (EDEN). The reporting of observational research studies in dermatology journals: A literature-based study. Arch Dermatol 2010;146:534-41.  Back to cited text no. 30
31.Alvarez F, Meyer N, Gourraud PA, Paul C. CONSORT adoption and quality of reporting of randomised controlled trials: A systematic analysis in two dermatology journals. Br J Dermatol 2009;161:1159-65.  Back to cited text no. 31
32.Bai Y, Gao J, Zou DW, Li ZS. Methodological reporting of randomised clinical trials in major gastroenterology and hepatology journals in 2006. Hepatology 2009;49:2108-12.  Back to cited text no. 32
33.Ubriani R, Smith N, Katz KA. Reporting of study design in titles and abstracts of articles published in clinically oriented dermatology journals. Br J Dermatol 2007;156:557-9.  Back to cited text no. 33
34.Schroter S, Plowman R, Hutchings A, Gonzalez A. Reporting ethics committee approval and patient consent by study design in five general medical journals. J Med Ethics 2006;32:718-23.  Back to cited text no. 34
35.Brown CG, Kelen GD, Moser M, Moeschberger ML, Rund DA. Methodology reporting in three acute care journals: Replication and reliability. Ann Emerg Med 1985;14:986-91.  Back to cited text no. 35
36.Kelen GD, Brown CG, Moser M, Ashton J, Rund DA. Reporting methodology protocols in three acute care journals. Ann Emerg Med 1985;14:880-4.  Back to cited text no. 36
37.Bauer DC. Randomised trial reporting in general endocrine journals: The good, the bad, and the ugly. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2008;93:3733-4.   Back to cited text no. 37
38.Areia M, Soares M, Dinis-Ribeiro M. Quality reporting of endoscopic diagnostic studies in gastrointestinal journals: Where do we stand on the use of the STARD and CONSORT statements? Endoscopy 2010;42:138-47.  Back to cited text no. 38
39.Lai TY, Wong VW, Lam RF, Cheng AC, Lam DS, Leung GM. Quality of reporting of key methodological items of randomised controlled trials in clinical ophthalmic journals. Ophthalmic Epidemiol 2007;14:390-8.  Back to cited text no. 39
40.Siddiqui MA, Azuara-Blanco A, Burr J. The quality of reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies published in ophthalmic journals. Br J Ophthalmol 2005;89:261-5.  Back to cited text no. 40
41.Bibawy H, Cossu A, Cogan S, Rosenfeld R. Reporting of harms and adverse events in otolaryngology journals. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2009;140:241-4.  Back to cited text no. 41
42.Hokanson JA, Stiernberg CM, McCracken MS, Quinn FB Jr. The reporting of statistical techniques in otolaryngology journals. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1987;113:45-50.  Back to cited text no. 42
43.Curran-Everett D, Benos DJ. Guidelines for reporting statistics in journals published by the American Physiological Society. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2004;287:247-9.   Back to cited text no. 43
44.Bavdekar SB, Gogtay NJ, Chavan R. Reporting ethical processes: Survey of 'instructions to authors' provided by Indian journals. Indian J Med Sci 2009;63:260-2.  Back to cited text no. 44
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
45.Sifers SK, Puddy RW, Warren JS, Roberts MC. Reporting of demographics, methodology, and ethical procedures in journals in paediatric and child psychology. J Pediatr Psychol 2002;27:19-25.  Back to cited text no. 45
46.Al-Namankany AA, Ashley P, Moles DR, Parekh S. Assessment of the quality of reporting of randomised clinical trials in paediatric dentistry journals. Int J Paediatr Dent 2009;19:318-24.   Back to cited text no. 46
47.Raad JM, Bellinger S, McCormick E, Roberts MC, Steele RG. Brief report: Reporting practices of methodological information in four journals of paediatric and child psychology. J Pediatr Psychol 2008;33:688-93.  Back to cited text no. 47
48.Sinha S, Sinha S, Ashby E, Jayaram R, Grocott MP. Quality of reporting in randomised trials published in high-quality surgical journals. J Am Coll Surg 2009;209:565-71.  Back to cited text no. 48
49.Emerson JD, McPeek B, Mosteller F. Reporting clinical trials in general surgical journals. Surgery 1984;95:572-9.  Back to cited text no. 49
50.More SJ. Improving the quality of reporting in veterinary journals: How far do we need to go with reporting guidelines? Vet J 2010;184:249-50.   Back to cited text no. 50
51.Meline T, Wang B. Effect-size reporting practices in AJSLP and other ASHA journals, 1999-2003. Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2004;13:202-7.  Back to cited text no. 51
52.Selby-Harrington ML, Mehta SM, Jutsum V, Riportella-Muller R, Quade D. Reporting of instrument validity and reliability in selected clinical nursing journals, 1989. J Prof Nurs 1994;10:47-56.  Back to cited text no. 52
53.Dijkers M, Kropp GC, Esper RM, Yavuzer G, Cullen N, Bakdalieh Y. Quality of intervention research reporting in medical rehabilitation journals. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2002;81:21-33.  Back to cited text no. 53
54.Mills E, Wu P, Gagnier J, Heels-Ansdell D, Montori VM. An analysis of general medical and specialist journals that endorse CONSORT found that reporting was not enforced consistently. J Clin Epidemiol 2005;58:662-7.  Back to cited text no. 54
55.Lim B, Schmidt K, White A, Ernst E. Reporting of ethical standards: Differences between complementary and orthodox medicine journals? Wien Klin Wochenschr 2004;116:500-3.  Back to cited text no. 55
56.Chan AW, Altman DG. Epidemiology and reporting of randomised trials published in PubMed journals. Lancet 2005;365:1159-62.  Back to cited text no. 56
57.Vitry AI. Reporting of studies on new medicines in major medical journals: A case study in breast cancer. Clin Pharmacol Ther 2010;87:398-400.  Back to cited text no. 57
58.Kober T, Trelle S, Engert A. Reporting of randomised controlled trials in Hodgkin lymphoma in biomedical journals. J Natl Cancer Inst 2006;98:620-5.  Back to cited text no. 58
59.Mathoulin-Pelissier S, Gourgou-Bourgade S, Bonnetain F, Kramar A. Survival end point reporting in randomised cancer clinical trials: A review of major journals. J Clin Oncol 2008;26:3721-6.  Back to cited text no. 59
60.Lunder U, Sauter S, Fürst CJ. Evidence-based palliative care: Beliefs and evidence for changing practice. Palliat Med 2004;18:265-6.  Back to cited text no. 60
61.Stillwell SB, Fineout-Overholt E, Melnyk BM, Williamson KM. Evidence-based practice, step by step: Searching for the evidence. Am J Nurs 2010;110:41-7.  Back to cited text no. 61
62.Fineout-Overholt E, Melnyk BM, Stillwell SB, Williamson KM. Evidence-based practice step by step: Critical appraisal of the evidence: Part 1. Am J Nurs 2010;110:47-52.   Back to cited text no. 62
63.Fineout-Overholt E, Melnyk BM, Stillwell SB, Williamson KM. Evidence-based practice, step by step: Critical appraisal of the evidence: Part 2: Digging deeper-examining the "keeper" studies. Am J Nurs 2010;110:41-8.  Back to cited text no. 63
64.Fineout-Overholt E, Melnyk BM, Stillwell SB, Williamson KM. Evidence-based practice, step by step: Critical appraisal of the evidence: Part 3. Am J Nurs 2010;110:43-51.  Back to cited text no. 64
65.Urra Medina E, Barría Pailaquilén RM. Systematic review and its relationship with evidence-based practice in health. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 2010;18:824-31.  Back to cited text no. 65
66.Conti AA, Conti A, Gensini GF. Medical decision making as a «historical» combination of art, statistics, experimentalism and evidence based practice. Vesalius 2010;16:19-23.  Back to cited text no. 66
67.Carter BJ. Evidence-based decision-making: Practical issues in the appraisal of evidence to inform policy and practice. Aust Health Rev 2010;34:435-40.  Back to cited text no. 67
68.Sharts-Hopko NC. To engage in evidence-based practice, you must first find the evidence. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 2010;21:463-6.   Back to cited text no. 68
69.Roberts-Degennaro M. Paradigm of evidence-based (informed) macro practice. J Evid Based Soc Work 2008;5:391-3.   Back to cited text no. 69
70.Roberts-Degennaro M. Introduction to the developmental, evolving practice paradigm of evidence-based (informed) macro practice. J Evid Based Soc Work 2008;5:395-406.  Back to cited text no. 70
71.Gambrill E. Evidence-based (informed) macro practice: Process and philosophy. J Evid Based Soc Work 2008;5:423-52.  Back to cited text no. 71
72.Roberts-DeGennaro M. Evidence-based (informed) macro practice paradigm: Integration of practice expertise and research. J Evid Based Soc Work 2008;5:407-21.  Back to cited text no. 72
73.Duggleby W. Hot topic: Clinical judgement versus evidence-based or informed practice. Can Oncol Nurs J 2008;18:176-7.  Back to cited text no. 73
74.Dean E. Physical therapy in the 21 st century (Part II): Evidence-based practice within the context of evidence-informed practice. Physiother Theory Pract 2009;25:354-68.  Back to cited text no. 74
75.Horn SD, Gassaway J. Practice based evidence: Incorporating clinical heterogeneity and patient-reported outcomes for comparative effectiveness research. Med Care 2010;48:17-22.  Back to cited text no. 75
76.Kumar SP. Cancer pain: Mechanism-based classification and physical therapy management- a critical review. Indian J Palliat Care 2010;16.  Back to cited text no. 76
77.van den Beuken-van Everdingen MH, de Rijke JM, Kessels AG, Schouten HC, van Kleef M, Patijn J. Prevalence of pain in patients with cancer: A systematic review of the past 40 years. Ann Oncol 2007;18:1437-49.  Back to cited text no. 77
78.Deandrea S, Montanari M, Moja L, Apolone G. Prevalence of under treatment in cancer pain. A review of published literature. Ann Oncol 2008;19:1985-91.  Back to cited text no. 78
79.Green E, Zwaal C, Beals C, Fitzgerald B, Harle I, Jones J. Cancer-related pain management: A report of evidence-based recommendations to guide practice. Clin J Pain 2010;26:449-62.  Back to cited text no. 79
80.Fine P, Herr K, Titler M, Sanders S, Cavanaugh J, Swegle J. The cancer pain practice index: A measure of evidence-based practice adherence for cancer pain management in older adults in hospice care. J Pain Symptom Manage 2010;39:791-802.  Back to cited text no. 80
81.Becze E. Put evidence into practice to manage nociceptive and neuropathic cancer pain. ONS Connect 2010;25:14-5.  Back to cited text no. 81
82.Aiello-Laws L, Reynolds J, Deizer N, Peterson M, Ameringer S, Bakitas M. Putting evidence into practice: What are the pharmacologic interventions for nociceptive and neuropathic cancer pain in adults? Clin J Oncol Nurs 2009;13:649-55.  Back to cited text no. 82
83.Hermsen MA, ten Have HA. Moral problems in palliative care journals. Palliat Med 2001;15:425-31.  Back to cited text no. 83
84.Hermsen MA, ten Have HA. Euthanasia in palliative care journals. J Pain Symptom Manage 2002;23:517-25.  Back to cited text no. 84
85.Flannelly KJ, Weaver AJ, Smith WJ, Oppenheimer JE. A systematic review on chaplains and community-based clergy in three palliative care journals: 1990-1999. Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2003;20:263-8.  Back to cited text no. 85
86.Hermsen MA, ten Have HA. Pastoral care, spirituality, and religion in palliative care journals. Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2004;21:353-6.  Back to cited text no. 86
87.Flannelly KJ, Weaver AJ, Costa KG. A systematic review of religion and spirituality in three palliative care journals, 1990-1999. J Palliat Care 2004;20:50-6.  Back to cited text no. 87
88.Puchalski CM, Kilpatrick SD, McCullough ME, Larson DB. A systematic review of spiritual and religious variables in J Palliat Med, Am J Hosp Palliat Care, Hosp J, J Palliat Care, J Pain Symptom Manage. Palliat Support Care 2003;1:7-13.  Back to cited text no. 88
89.Yakovlev AE, Resch BE, Karasev SA. Treatment of cancer-related chest wall pain using spinal cord stimulation. Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2010;27:552-6.  Back to cited text no. 89
90.Mishra S, Rana SP, Upadhyay SP, Bhatnagar S. Use of epidural steroid as an adjuvant in neuropathic cancer pain management: A case report. Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2010;27:482-5.  Back to cited text no. 90
91.Ahmed A, Khurana H, Gogia V, Mishra S, Bhatnagar S. Use of sustained release oral morphine as a bridge in withdrawal of morphine in patients on high doses of oral immediate release morphine for cancer pain. Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2010;27:413-5.  Back to cited text no. 91
92.Adolph MD, Stretanski MF, McGregor JM, Rawn BL, Ross PM, Benedetti C. Intracerebroventricular morphine for refractory cancer pain: Transitioning to the home setting. Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2010;27:326-32.  Back to cited text no. 92
93.Lasheen W, Walsh D, Sarhill N, Davis M. Intermittent cancer pain: Clinical importance and an updated cancer pain classification. Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2010;27:182-6.  Back to cited text no. 93
94.Homsi J, Walsh D, Lasheen W, Nelson KA, Rybicki LA, Bast J, et al. A comparative study of 2 sustained-release morphine preparations for pain in advanced cancer. Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2010;27:99-105.  Back to cited text no. 94
95.Chiou TJ, Liu CY, Tzeng WF, Su YC, Weng YC, Hung CJ, et al. The use of transdermal fentanyl in cancer pain- A compliance study of outpatients in Taiwan. Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2010;27:31-7.  Back to cited text no. 95
96.Lasheen W, Walsh D, Hauser K, Gutgsell T, Karafa MT. Symptom variability during repeated measurement among hospice patients with advanced cancer. Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2009;26:368-75.  Back to cited text no. 96
97.Yomiya K, Matuso N, Tomiyasu S, Tamaki T, Suzuki T, Matoba M. Baclofen as an adjuvant analgesic for cancer pain. Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2009;26:112-8.  Back to cited text no. 97
98.Das SC, Khurana H, Gupta D, Mishra S, Bhatnagar S. Comorbidities in a cancer patient: Problems in pain management and palliation. Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2009;26:60-3.  Back to cited text no. 98
99.Hanna M, Tuca A, Thipphawong J. An open-label 1-year extension study of the long-term safety and efficacy of once-daily OROS (R) hydromorphone in patients with chronic cancer pain. BMC Palliat Care 2009;8:14.  Back to cited text no. 99
100.Zuurmond WW, Perez RS, Loer SA. Role of cervical cordotomy and other neurolytic procedures in thoracic cancer pain. Curr Opin Support Palliat Care 2010;4:6-10.  Back to cited text no. 100
101.Fairchild A. Under-treatment of cancer pain. Curr Opin Support Palliat Care 2010;4:11-5.  Back to cited text no. 101
102.Farquhar-Smith WP. Do cannabinoids have a role in cancer pain management? Curr Opin Support Palliat Care 2009;3:7-13.  Back to cited text no. 102
103.Hjermstad MJ, Fainsinger R, Kaasa S, European Palliative Care Research Collaborative (EPCRC). Assessment and classification of cancer pain. Curr Opin Support Palliat Care 2009;3:24-30.  Back to cited text no. 103
104.Tickner C. Neuropathic pain experienced by a young adult at the end of life. End Life Care J 2010;4:48-54.  Back to cited text no. 104
105.Magee C. The case study masterclass: Case 51- low albumin in a woman with metastatic malignancy. Eur J Palliat Care 2010;17:170-1.  Back to cited text no. 105
106.Alsirafy SA. Dealing with barriers to cancer pain control in Egypt. Eur J Palliat Care 2010;17:10-1.  Back to cited text no. 106
107.Wilkinson K. A proposed algorithm on when to switch opioid. Eur J Palliat Care 2009;16:162-5.  Back to cited text no. 107
108.Williams JE, Yen JT. Treating pain associated with head and neck cancer. Eur J Palliat Care 2009;16:166-9.  Back to cited text no. 108
109.Kaasa S, Hjermstad MJ, Caraceni A. BTcP: A physical, psychological and financial burden for the patient. Eur J Palliat Care 2009;16:5-9.  Back to cited text no. 109
110.Daview A. Why oral morphine is not the 'gold standard' for BTcP? Eur J Palliat Care 2009;16:10-2.  Back to cited text no. 110
111.Zeppetella G. Fentanyl buccal tablet: A breakthrough in BTcP treatment. Eur J Palliat Care 2009;16:13-7.  Back to cited text no. 111
112.Koshy RC, Padmakumar G, Rajasree O. Low cost continuous femoral nerve block for relief of acute severe cancer related pain due to pathological fracture femur. Indian J Palliat Care 2010;16:171-3.  Back to cited text no. 112
113.Dam AK, Datta N, Mohanty UR. Evaluation of the "Koshish Cocktail" in treating severe pain in home care in Morphine naïve communities. Indian J Palliat Care 2010;16:23-5.  Back to cited text no. 113
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
114.Singh DP. Quality of life in cancer patients receiving palliative care. Indian J Palliat Care 2010;16:36-43.  Back to cited text no. 114
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
115.Barathi B. Oral morphine prescribing practices in severe cancer pain. Indian J Palliat Care 2009;15:127-31.  Back to cited text no. 115
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
116.Sharma K, Mohanti BK, Rath GK, Bhatnagar S. Pattern of palliative care, pain management and referral trends in patients receiving radiotherapy at a tertiary cancer center. Indian J Palliat Care 2009;15:148-54.  Back to cited text no. 116
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
117.Hawthorn M. Caring for a patient with fungating malignant lesion in a hospice setting: Reflecting on practice. Int J Palliat Nurs 2010;16:70-2.  Back to cited text no. 117
118.Gibbs M. The role of transdermal fentanyl patches in the effective management of cancer pain. Int J Palliat Nurs 2009;15:354-9.  Back to cited text no. 118
119.Moyano JR, Figuers A. The medical consumption of opioids in Colombia, 1997-2007. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother 2010;24:367-73.  Back to cited text no. 119
120.Abernethy AP. Critical summaries of innovations in palliative care pharmacotherapy. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother 2010;24:405-10.  Back to cited text no. 120
121.Bakshi SG, Jain PN, Sareen R. Patient controlled analgesia: Redefining its role in an Indian cancer hospital. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother 2010;24:213-8.  Back to cited text no. 121
122.Jain PN, Chatterjee A. Development of acute pain service in an Indian cancer hospital. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother 2010;24:129-35.  Back to cited text no. 122
123.Jain PN, Chatterjee A, Choudhary AH, Sareen R. Prevalence, etiology and management of neuropathic pain in an Indian cancer hospital. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother 2009;23:114-9.  Back to cited text no. 123
124.Tang ST, Tang WR, Liu TW, Chen JS. What really matters in pain management for terminally ill cancer patients in Taiwan? J Palliat Care 2010;26:151-8.  Back to cited text no. 124
125.Jackson K, Ashby M, Howell D, Peterson J, Brumley D, Good P et al. The effectiveness and adverse effects profile of "burst" ketamine in refractory cancer pain: The VCOG PM 1-00 study. J Palliat Care 2010;26:176-83.  Back to cited text no. 125
126.Mehta A, Cohen SR, Carnevale FA, Ezer H, Duchame F. Family caregivers of palliative cancer patients at home: The puzzle of pain management. J Palliat Care 2010;26:184-93.  Back to cited text no. 126
127.Mehta A, Cohen SR, Carnevale FA, Ezer H, Duchame F. Family caregivers of palliative cancer patients at home: The puzzle of pain management. J Palliat Care 2010;26:78-87.  Back to cited text no. 127
128.Cohen MZ, Pace EA, Kaur G, Bruera E. Delirium in advanced cancer leading to distress in patients and family caregivers. J Palliat Care 2010;25:164-71.  Back to cited text no. 128
129.Tassinari D, Sartori S, Tamburini E, Scarpi E, Tombesi P, Santelmo C et al. Transdermal fentanyl as a frontline approach to moderate-severe pain: A meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. J Palliat Care 2009;25:172-80.  Back to cited text no. 129
130.Bengoechea I, Gutierrez SG, Vrotsou K, Onaindia MJ, Lopez JM. Opioid use at the end of life and survival in a Hospital at Home unit. J Palliat Med 2010;13:1079-83.  Back to cited text no. 130
131.Bhatnagar S, Mishra S, Roshni S, Gogia V, Khanna S. Neuropathic pain in cancer patients- prevalence and management in a tertiary care anesthesia-run referral clinic based in urban India. J Palliat Med 2010;13:819-24.  Back to cited text no. 131
132.Leppert W, Majkowicz M. Polish brief pain inventory for pain assessment and monitoring of pain treatment in patients with cancer. J Palliat Med 2010;13:663-8.  Back to cited text no. 132
133.Gaertner J, Wolf J, Scheicht D, Frechen S, Klein U, Hellmich M et al. Implementing WHO recommendations for palliative care into routine lung cancer therapy: A feasibility project. J Palliat Med 2010;13:727-32.  Back to cited text no. 133
134.Bhatnagar S, Upadhyay S, Mishra S. Prevalence and characteristics of breakthrough pain in patients with head and neck cancer: A cross-sectional study. J Palliat Med 2010;13:291-5.  Back to cited text no. 134
135.Utne I, Miaskowski C, Bjordal K, Paul SM, Rustoen T. The relatoonahips between mood disturbances and pain, hope, and quality of life in hospitalized cancer patients with pain on regularly scheduled opioid analgesic. J Palliat Med 2010;13:311-8.  Back to cited text no. 135
136.Stevens MJ, Atkinson C, Broadbent AM. The malignant psoas syndrome revisited: Case report, mechanisms and current therapeutic options. J Palliat Med 2010;13;211-6.  Back to cited text no. 136
137.Reddy S, Hui D, El Osta B, de la Cruz M, Walker P, Palmer JL et al. The effect of oral methadone on the QTc interval in advanced cancer patients: A prospective pilot study. J Palliat Med 2010;13:33-8.  Back to cited text no. 137
138.Jakanani GC, Jaiveer S, Ashford R, Rennie W. Computed tomography-guided coblation and cementoplasty of a painful acetabular metastasis: An effective palliative treatment. J Palliat Med 2010;13:83-5.  Back to cited text no. 138
139.Prommer E. The role of fentanyl in cancer-related pain. J Palliat Med 2009;12:947-54.  Back to cited text no. 139
140.Shinjo T, Kondo Y, Harada K, Yamazaki J, Okada M. Treatment of malignant enterovesical fistula with octreotide. J Palliat Med 2009;12:965-7.  Back to cited text no. 140
141.Lam MG, de Klerk JM, Zonnenberg BA. Treatment of painful bone metastases in hormone-refractory prostate cancer with zoledronic acid and samarium-153-ethylenediaminetetramethylphosphoric acid combined. J Palliat Med 2009;12:649-51.  Back to cited text no. 141
142.Wong J, Chow E, de Sa E, Rowsell C, Probyn L, Christakis M et al. Immediate pain relief and improved structural stability after percutaneous vertebroplasty for a severely destructive vertebral compression fracture. J Palliat Med 2009;12:97-100.  Back to cited text no. 142
143.Taylor D, Galan V, Weinstein SM, Reyes E, Pupo-Araya AR, Rauck R, Fentanyl Pectin Nasal Spray 043 Study Group. Fentanyl pectin nasal spray in breakthrough cancer pain. J Support Oncol 2010;8:184-90.  Back to cited text no. 143
144.Brogan S, Junkins S. Interventional therapies for the management of cancer pain. J Support Oncol 2010;8:52-9.   Back to cited text no. 144
145.Moore JC, Adler DG. Celiac plexus neurolysis for pain relief in pancreatic cancer. J Support Oncol 2009;7:83-7.  Back to cited text no. 145
146.Kwekkeboom KL, Dendaas NR, Straub M, Bradley KA. Patterns of pain and distress during high-dose-rate intracavity brachytherapy for cervical cancer. J Support Oncol 2009;7:108-14.  Back to cited text no. 146
147.Hagen NA, Moulin DE, Brasher PM, Biondo PD, Eliasziw M, Watanabe SM et al. A formal feasibility study of sublingual methadone for breakthrough cancer pain. Palliat Med 2010;24:696-706.  Back to cited text no. 147
148.Dehgan R, Ramakrishnan J, Ahmed N, Harding R. The use of morphine to control pain in advanced cancer: An investigation of clinical usage in Bangladesh. Palliat Med 2010;24:707-14.  Back to cited text no. 148
149.Capewell C, Gregory W, Closs S, Bennett M. Brief DVD-based educational intervention for patients with cancer pain: Feasibility study. Palliat Med 2010;24:616-22.  Back to cited text no. 149
150.Lannernas B, Frank-Lissbrant I, Lannernas H, Kalkner KM, Derrick R, Howell J. Sublingual administration of fentanyl to cancer patients is an effective treatment for breakthrough pain: Results from a randomized phase-ii study. Palliat Med 2010;24:286-93.  Back to cited text no. 150
151.Lasheen W, Walsh D, Mahmoud F, Sarhill N, Rivera N, Davis M, et al. The intravenous ro oral relative milligram potency ratio of morphine during chronic dosing in cancer pain. Palliat Med 2010;24:9-16.  Back to cited text no. 151
152.Johnsen AT, Petersen MA, Pederson L, Groenvold M. Symptoms and problems in a nationally representative sample of advanced cancer patients. Palliat Med 2009;23:491-501.  Back to cited text no. 152
153.Knudsen AK, Aass N, Fainsinger R, Caraceni A, Klepstad P, Jordhoy M, et al. Classification of pain in cancer patients- a systematic literature review. Palliat Med 2009;23:295-308.   Back to cited text no. 153
154.Good P, Jackson K, Brumley D, Ashby M. Intranasal sufentanil for cancer-associated breakthrough pain. Palliat Med 2009;23:54-8.  Back to cited text no. 154
155.Yanjun S, Changli W, Ling W, Woo JC, Sabrina K, Chang L et al. A survey of physician knowledge and attitudes towards clinical use of morphine for cancer pain treatment in China. Support Care Cancer 2010;18:1455-60.  Back to cited text no. 155
156.Diel IJ, Kurth AH, Sittig HB, Meden H, Maasberg M, Sandermann A et al. Bone pain reduction in patients with metastatic breast cancer treated with ibandronate- results from a post-marketing surveillance study. Support Care Cancer 2010;18:1305-12.  Back to cited text no. 156
157.Tang MF, Liou TH, Lin CC. Improving sleep quality for cancer patients: Benefits of home-based exercise intervention. Support Care Cancer 2010;18:1329-39.  Back to cited text no. 157
158.Epstein JB, Hong C, Logan RM, Barsch A, Gordon SM, Oberlee-Edwards L et al. A systematic review of orofacial pain patients receiving cancer therapy. Support Care Cancer 2010;18:1023-31.  Back to cited text no. 158
159.Fischer DJ, Villines D, Kim YO, Epstein JB, Wilkie DJ. Anxiety, depression and pain: Differences by primary cancer. Support Care Cancer 2010;18:801-10.  Back to cited text no. 159
160.Buchanan DD, Maclvor F. A role for intravenous lidocaine in sever cancer-related neuropathic pain at the end-of-life. Support Care Cancer 2010;18:899-901.  Back to cited text no. 160
161.Atahan L, Yildiz F, Cengiz M, Kaplan B, Ozkan M, Yazici G et al. Zoledronic acid concurrent with either high- or reduced-dose palliative radiotherapy in the management of the breast cancer patients with bone metastasis: A phase IV randomized clinical study. Support Care Cancer 2010;18:691-8.  Back to cited text no. 161
162.Hoya Y, Okamoto T, Yanaga K. Evaluation of analgesic effect and safety of fentanyl transdermal patch for cancer pain as the first line. Support Care Cancer 2010;18:761-4.  Back to cited text no. 162
163.Ozalevil S, Ligin D, Kul Karaali H, Bulac S, Akkoclu A. The effect of in-patient chest physiotherapy in lung cancer patients. Support Care Cancer 2010;18:351-8.  Back to cited text no. 163
164.Myers J, Chan V, Jarvis V, Walker-Dilks C. Intraspinal techniques for pain management in cancer patients: A systematic review. Support Care Cancer 2010;18:137-49.  Back to cited text no. 164
165.Trikaus M, Simmons C, Myers J, Dranatisans G, Clemons M. Skeletal-related events (SREs) in breast cancer patients with bone metastases treated in the nontrial setting. Support Care Cancer 2010;18:197-203.  Back to cited text no. 165
166.Lai YH, Guo SL, Keefe FJ, Tsai LY, Shun SC, Liao YC et al. Multidimensional pain inventory-screening Chinese version (MPI-sC): Psychometric testing in terminal cancer patients in Taiwan. Support Care Cancer 2009;17:14445-53.  Back to cited text no. 166
167.Tasmacioglu B, Aydinli I, Keskinbora K, Pekel AF, Salihoglu T, Sonsuz A. Effect of intravenous administration of paracetamol on morphine consumption in cancer pain control. Support Care Cancer 2009;17:1475-81.  Back to cited text no. 167
168.Kim E, Jahan T, Aouizerat BE, Dodd MJ, Cooper BA, Paul SM et al. Changes in symptom clusters in patients undergoing radiation therapy. Support Care Cancer 2009;17:1383-91.  Back to cited text no. 168
169.Closs MJ, Chatwin J, Bennett MI. Cancer pain management at home (II): Does age influence attitudes towards pain and analgesia? Support Care Cancer 2009;17:781-6.  Back to cited text no. 169
170.Bennett MI, Closs MJ, Chatwin J. Cancer pain management at home (I): Do older patients experience less effective management than younger patients? Support Care Cancer 2009;17:787-92.  Back to cited text no. 170
171.Watanable S, Nekolaichuk C, Beaumont C, Mawani A. The Edmonton symptom assessment system- what do patients think? Support Care Cancer 2009;17:675-83.  Back to cited text no. 171
172.Mercadante S, Casuccio A, Tirelli W, Giarratano A. Equipotent doses to switch from high doses of opioids to transdermal bupernorphine. Support Care Cancer 2009;17:715-8.  Back to cited text no. 172
173.Tomlinson D, Gibson F, Treister N, Baggot C, Judd P, Hendershot E et al. Designing an oral mucositis assessment instrument for use in children: Generating items using a nominal group technique. Support Care Cancer 2009;17:555-62.  Back to cited text no. 173
174.Delgado-Guay M, Parsons HA, Li Z, Palmer JL, Bruera E. Symptom distress in advanced cancer patients with anxiety and depression in the palliative care setting. Support Care Cancer 2009;17:573-9.  Back to cited text no. 174
175.Leppert W. The role of methadone in opioid rotation- a Polish experience. Support Care Cancer 2009;17:607-12.  Back to cited text no. 175
176.Ernst E. Massage therapy for cancer palliation and supportive care: A systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Support Care Cancer 2009;17:333-7.  Back to cited text no. 176
177.Cheville AL, Sloan JA, Northfelt DW, Jillella AP, Wong GY, Bearden Lii JD et al. Use of a lidocaine patch in the management of postsurgical neuropathic pain in patients with cancer: A phase III double-blind crossover study (N01CB). Support Care Cancer 2009;17:451-60.  Back to cited text no. 177
178.Fairchild A, Pituskin E, Rose B, Ghosh S, Dutka J, Driga A et al. The rapid access palliative radiotherapy program: Blueprint for initiation of a one-stop multidisciplinary bone metastases clinic. Support Care Cancer 2009;17:163-70.  Back to cited text no. 178
179.Elmqvist MA, Jordhoy MS, Bjordal K, Kaasa S, Jannert M. Health-related quality of life during last three months of life in patients with advanced cancer. Support Care Cancer 2009;17:191-8.  Back to cited text no. 179
180.Cheville AL, Beck LA, Petersen TL, Marks RS, Gamble GL. The detection and treatment of cancer-related functional problems in an outpatient setting. Support Care Cancer 2009;17:61-7.  Back to cited text no. 180


  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4], [Figure 5], [Figure 6]

  [Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3]

This article has been cited by
1 Reporting of "foot and ankle": A systematic review and quantitative analysis of articles published in 19 diabetes journals
SenthilParamasivam Kumar,Anup Kumar,ZK Misri,Prabha Adhikari,SydneyC D'Souza,PS Jeganathan
Saudi Journal for Health Sciences. 2014; 3(1): 20
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
2 Evidence-based palliative care: Role of palliative care journals
Kumar, S.P. and Sisodia, V.
Indian Journal of Palliative Care. 2013; 19(1): 76
3 Reporting characteristics of cancer pain: A systematic review and quantitative analysis of articles published in cancer journals
SenthilP Kumar,Vijaya Kumar,Krishna Prasad,Kamalaksha Shenoy,Vaishali Sisodia
Saudi Journal for Health Sciences. 2013; 2(3): 184
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
4 Evidence-based palliative care: Role of palliative care journals
SenthilP Kumar,Vaishali Sisodia
Indian Journal of Palliative Care. 2013; 19(1): 76
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
5 Reporting of attitudes: A systematic review and quantitative analysis of research publications in palliative care journals
SenthilP Kumar,Vaishali Sisodia
Saudi Journal for Health Sciences. 2013; 2(3): 169
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
6 Reporting of validation studies: A systematic review and quantitative analysis of research publications in palliative care journals
SenthilP Kumar,Vaishali Sisodia
Saudi Journal for Health Sciences. 2013; 2(3): 161
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
7 Reporting of "death and bereavement care": A systematic review and quantitative analysis of research publications in palliative care journals
SenthilP Kumar,Vaishali Sisodia
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences. 2013; 2(3): 176
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
8 Pain and symptom management in palliative care and at end of life
Diana J. Wilkie,Miriam O. Ezenwa
Nursing Outlook. 2012; 60(6): 357
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
9 The Use of Metaphor in Discourse About Cancer: A Review of the Literature
Kristine J. Harrington
Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing. 2012; 16(4): 408
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
10 Reporting of pediatric palliative care: A systematic review and quantitative analysis of research publications in palliative care journals
Kumar, S.P.
Indian Journal of Palliative Care. 2011; 17(3): 202-209
11 Utilization of brief pain inventory as an assessment tool for pain in patients with cancer: A focused review
Kumar, S.P.
Indian Journal of Palliative Care. 2011; 17(2): 108-115


Print this article  Email this article
Online since 1st October '05
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow