| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2009 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 122--126
A comparative study to assess the awareness of palliative care between urban and rural areas of Ernakulum district, Kerala, India
Nitin Joseph, S Jayarama, Shashidhar Kotian
Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India
Aim: To assess the knowledge and attitude toward palliative care among people residing in urban and rural areas.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 185 urban and 165 rural households. Senior-most member of the household present was interviewed using a questionnaire. Only those people who have heard about palliative care were included in the study.
Results: Out of 350 people, 47 (13.4%) have heard about palliative care. Of these 38 (20.5%) belonged to urban and 9 (5.4%) belonged to rural areas ( P< 0.0001).Twenty-nine (15.7%) participants in urban and 7 (4.2%) in rural areas had some knowledge about palliative care ( P= 0.0002). Source of information for 25 (53.2%) participants was newspapers followed by television 17 (36.2%). Thirty-three (86.8%) participants in urban and 7 (77.8%) in rural areas felt that palliative care helps in improving quality of life. Twenty (52.6%) participants in urban and 4 (44.4%) participants in rural areas felt that palliative care can be better provided at homes than hospitals. Thirty (78.9%) urban participants felt that bad news about the patient's condition needs to be told to the patient first and then to their family members. In case of rural participants majority 7 (77.8%) said vice versa ( P = 0.0039).
Conclusion: Overall awareness of palliative care was poor. This calls for large-scale awareness campaigns. As home-based palliative care was preferred by many, home visits by care providers and training of family members of patient's needing palliative care needs to be practiced widely.
Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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