Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 67--70

Prevalence of pain in patients with HIV/AIDS: A cross-sectional survey in a South Indian state

1 Department of Pain and Palliative Care, St. John's Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore - 560 034, India
2 Snehadan, Karmalaram Post, Bangalore - 560 035, India

Correspondence Address:
Shoba N Nair
Department of Pain and Palliative Care, St. John's Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore - 560 034
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1075.53550

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Objectives: Primary - To measure the prevalence of pain in HIV/AIDS with patients. Secondary - To assess the type, site, severity, management of pain and impact of pain on quality of life in these patients. Design: Multicentre cross-sectional survey (This paper is a pilot study). Settings: ART centre at St. John's Medical College Hospital, Bangalore and Snehadan, A supportive and care centre for HIV/ AIDS patients at Bangalore. Materials and Methods: Data sheet, Brief pain inventory and Short - Form McGill pain questionnaire. Subjects: This is an ongoing study and the pilot study includes 140 HIV/AIDS patients in different stages of the disease. Results: About 66.7% (28/42) in-patients and 24.5% (24/98) out-patients complained of pain. Of the 52 patients who reported pain, 32% (14/52) reported neuropathic pain and 68% (38/52) reported noci-ceptive pain. Headache was most common followed by pain in the soles of feet and low back. Only 26.9% (17/52) received any form of analgesic. Pain severity significantly affects the quality of life. Conclusions: Pain is a common and debilitating symptom of HIV/AIDS. It is however, under-estimated and under treated.


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