| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2009 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 67--70
Prevalence of pain in patients with HIV/AIDS: A cross-sectional survey in a South Indian state
Shoba N Nair1, Theophin Regina Mary1, S Prarthana1, Preethy Harrison2
1 Department of Pain and Palliative Care, St. John's Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore - 560 034, India
2 Snehadan, Karmalaram Post, Bangalore - 560 035, India
Objectives: Primary - To measure the prevalence of pain in HIV/AIDS with patients.
Secondary - To assess the type, site, severity, management of pain and impact of pain on quality of life in these patients.
Design: Multicentre cross-sectional survey (This paper is a pilot study).
Settings: ART centre at St. John's Medical College Hospital, Bangalore and Snehadan, A supportive and care centre for HIV/ AIDS patients at Bangalore.
Materials and Methods: Data sheet, Brief pain inventory and Short - Form McGill pain questionnaire.
Subjects: This is an ongoing study and the pilot study includes 140 HIV/AIDS patients in different stages of the disease.
Results: About 66.7% (28/42) in-patients and 24.5% (24/98) out-patients complained of pain. Of the 52 patients who reported pain, 32% (14/52) reported neuropathic pain and 68% (38/52) reported noci-ceptive pain. Headache was most common followed by pain in the soles of feet and low back. Only 26.9% (17/52) received any form of analgesic. Pain severity significantly affects the quality of life.
Conclusions: Pain is a common and debilitating symptom of HIV/AIDS. It is however, under-estimated and under treated.
Shoba N Nair
Department of Pain and Palliative Care, St. John's Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore - 560 034
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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