Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
April-June 2017
Volume 23 | Issue 2
Page Nos. 115-217

Online since Tuesday, April 11, 2017

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EDITORIAL  

Conference editorial p. 115
Chitra Venkateswaran
DOI:10.4103/IJPC.IJPC_38_17  
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CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS Top

IAPCON 2017 proceedings p. 116
Rajith Ramachandran
DOI:10.4103/IJPC.IJPC_40_17  
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ABSTRACTS Top

2017 IAPCON Abstracts p. 121
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES Top

The possible role of meditation in myofascial pain syndrome: A new hypothesis p. 180
Prashanth Panta
DOI:10.4103/0973-1075.204239  
Background of Hypothesis: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is the most common musculoskeletal pain disorder of the head and neck area. In the past, several theories were put forth to explain its origin and nature, but none proved complete. Myofascial pain responds to changing psychological states and stress, anxiety, lack of sleep, anger, depression and chronic pain are direct contributional factors. Myofascial pain syndrome may be considered as a psychosomatic disorder. There are numerous accepted palliative approaches, but of all, relaxation techniques stand out and initiate healing at the base level. In this article, the connection between mental factors, MPS and meditation are highlighted. Recent literature has shed light on the fundamental role of free radicals in the emergence of myofascial pain. The accumulating free radicals disrupt mitochondrial integrity and function, leading to sustenance and progression of MPS. Meditation on the other hand was shown to reduce free radical load and can result in clinical improvement. 'Mindfulness' is the working principle behind the effect of all meditations, and I emphasize that it can serve as a potential tool to reverse the neuro-architectural, neurobiological and cellular changes that occur in MPS. Conclusions: The findings described in this paper were drawn from studies on myofascial pain, fibromyalgia, similar chronic pain models and most importantly from self experience (experimentation). Till date, no hypothesis is available connecting MPS and meditation. Mechanisms linking MPS and meditation were identified, and this paper can ignite novel research in this direction.
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Recommendations to support nurses and improve the delivery of oncology and palliative care in India p. 188
Virginia T LeBaron, Gayatri Palat, Sudha Sinha, Sanjeeva Kumari Chinta, Beaulah John Battula Jamima, Usha Lakshmi Pilla, Nireekshana Podduturi, Yadamma Shapuram, Padma Vennela, Vineela Rapelli, Zahra Lalani, Susan L Beck
DOI:10.4103/IJPC.IJPC_153_16  
Context: Nurses in India often practice in resource-constrained settings and care for cancer patients with high symptom burden yet receive little oncology or palliative care training. Aim: The aim of this study is to explore challenges encountered by nurses in India and offer recommendations to improve the delivery of oncology and palliative care. Methods: Qualitative ethnography. Setting: The study was conducted at a government cancer hospital in urban South India. Sample: Thirty-seven oncology/palliative care nurses and 22 others (physicians, social workers, pharmacists, patients/family members) who interact closely with nurses were included in the study. Data Collection: Data were collected over 9 months (September 2011– June 2012). Key data sources included over 400 hours of participant observation and 54 audio-recorded semi-structured interviews. Analysis: Systematic qualitative analysis of field notes and interview transcripts identified key themes and patterns. Results: Key concerns of nurses included safety related to chemotherapy administration, workload and clerical responsibilities, patients who died on the wards, monitoring family attendants, and lack of supplies. Many participants verbalized distress that they received no formal oncology training. Conclusions: Recommendations to support nurses in India include: prioritize safety, optimize role of the nurse and explore innovative models of care delivery, empower staff nurses, strengthen nurse leadership, offer relevant educational programs, enhance teamwork, improve cancer pain management, and engage in research and quality improvement projects. Strong institutional commitment and leadership are required to implement interventions to support nurses. Successful interventions must account for existing cultural and professional norms and first address safety needs of nurses. Positive aspects from existing models of care delivery can be adapted and integrated into general nursing practice.
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Pediatric end-of-life care barriers and facilitators: Perception of nursing professionals in Jordan p. 199
Omar Mohammad Khraisat, Nemeh Ahmad Alakour, Teresa M O'Neill
DOI:10.4103/0973-1075.204232  
Introduction: End-of-life care is a critical issue for pediatric population with terminal illness to ensure the best possible quality of care for them and their families. A survey was conducted to identify the barriers and facilitators to provide pediatric end-of-life care. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at three tertiary centers providing end-of-life care in Jordan. Two hundred critical care nurses were surveyed (response rate 93%). Results: Nurses reported moderate level of experience in all areas of delivering pediatric end-of-life care. The highest scoring of barriers respectively were patients-families barriers having deal with angry family member; health-care professional barriers multiple physicians, involved with one patient, who differ in opinion about the direction care, and where plan of care should go; and organizational barriers not available support person for the family. The highest scoring of facilitators respectively were of patients families facilitators having family members accept that the patient is dying; health-care professional-facilitators having a physician agrees about the direction of care, and organizational facilitators providing family members adequate time to be alone with the pediatric after he or she has died. Conclusion: Nurses perceived that patient-family, health-care professionals, and organizational related barriers and facilitators were had the most influence in providing of pediatric end-of-life care. Findings highlighted the need for additional education and support for pediatric staff, across professions, in providing pediatric end-of-life care. A pediatric end-of-life care team should be developed to assist in improving patients' quality of care and increasing the awareness for the need for a standardized tool to evaluate the nursing competency level concerning pediatric end-of-life care.
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Assessment of cancer-related fatigue among cancer patients receiving various therapies: A cross-sectional observational study p. 207
Raja Paramjeet Singh Banipal, Harminder Singh, Baltej Singh
DOI:10.4103/IJPC.IJPC_135_16  
Objective: The objective of this cross-sectional, noninterventional 3-month observational study was to analyze the prevalence of the cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in cancer patient populations with correlation of CRF with different treatment modalities. Materials and Methods: A descriptive study was carried out jointly by the pharmacology and oncology departments of a tertiary care center in the Malwa region of Punjab. The data collection was performed by administering the validated Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) after obtaining the informed consent. Results: One hundred and twenty-six cancer patients were recruited with the mean age of 49.13 years ± 14.35 (standard deviation). There are statistical correlations found between fatigue and chemotherapy agents such as vinblastine, dacarbazine, and cyclophosphamide. Conclusion: We observed that CRF is a symptom that is experienced by majority of cancer patients, irrespective of the diagnosis, or type of treatment received. In addition, assessing CRF before and after treatment will facilitate health-care practitioner to treat this symptom.
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Integration of specialized pain control services in palliative care: A nationwide web-based survey p. 212
Nivedita Dilip Page
DOI:10.4103/0973-1075.204233  
Introduction: Pain control is an important part of palliative care (PC), and conventional analgesics do not provide adequate pain relief to all patients. Many patients present with complex pain syndromes that require interventional pain control measures usually deployed by pain specialists. There is adequate integration of specialized pain control services with PC elsewhere, but information about the same in our country is lacking. Materials and Methods: An internet survey was conducted among palliative specialists regarding the need and availability of pain specialists for their patients suffering from complex pain syndromes. Their attitude toward integrating specialized pain control services in their practice was also explored. Results: Majority of palliative physicians came across situations where specialists in pain would control the patients' pain better. There was a poor availability of such services, and when available, the cost was significant. It is heartening to note that though there is poor integration of specialized pain control services with palliation, palliative physicians acknowledge the need for pain specialists and their techniques for providing pain relief for their patients. Conclusions: Effective pain control is needed in palliation, barriers however exist, and there is a need to make pain specialists and interventional techniques more freely available.
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ERRATUM Top

Erratum: Impact of scrambler therapy on pain management and quality of life in cancer patients: A study of twenty cases p. 217

DOI:10.4103/0973-1075.204240  
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Online since 1st October '05
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow