Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 47--53

Assessment of quality of life among end-stage renal disease patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis

1 Department of Pharmacy Practice, Genesis Hospital, Kannur, Kerala, India
2 Department of Pharmacy Practice, Government Medical College, Pariyaram, Kerala, India
3 Department of Nephrology, Kmct Medical College, Manassery, Kerala, India
4 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Pariyaram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajesh Penganazhi Kunnath
Flat No 1E, Skyline Crescendo, Chevarambalam, Chevayur PO, Kozhikode - 673 017, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJPC.IJPC_141_19

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Background: Renal failure is a chronic disease that can seriously affect quality of life (QOL). Health-Related QOL represents the physical, psychological, and social domains of health that are influenced by a person's experience, beliefs, expectations, and perceptions. The aim of this study is to explore QOL of Stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) in South India. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted among patients with CKD undergoing MHD at 11 major centers in South India. Demographic data were collected using a predesigned questionnaire. QOL index was measured using the 26-item WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire, and statistical analysis was carried out using the SPSS version 24 (Academy of Medical Sciences, Kannur, Kerala, India). Results: Five hundred and three patients undergoing MHD were enrolled, and the following QOL scores were recorded: social relationship (51.65 ± 21.03), environmental (46.91 ± 19.29), psychological (41.07 ± 20.30), and physical health (40.17 ± 17.05). QOL of patients declined with aging in all four domains. Being male, younger, educated, and unmarried appeared to have a favorable effect on several aspects of patients' QOL. Conclusion: The evaluation of QOL in CKD patients undergoing hemodialysis showed that it was relatively compromised. Because the patients had a chronic, progressive irreversible disease, the most affected was physical domain. Age, education, employment, and marital status were found to affect one or more domains of QOL. Age and education are significant independent variables; as the age increases, QOL decreases, and higher the education better the QOL.


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