Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 268--273

Prevalence of depression in breast cancer patients and its association with their quality of life: A cross-sectional observational study


Department of Psychiatry, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Ernakulam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Chitra Venkateswaran
Department of Palliative Care, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Ponekkara P.O., Edapally, Ernakulam - 682 041, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJPC.IJPC_6_17

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Background: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women worldwide. In India, the incidence rate of breast cancer is found to be 25.8/10,000 females. The statistics for Kerala, India, is 30.5 in urban areas and 19.8 in rural areas. Cancer and treatment-related symptoms are major stressors in patients with breast cancer undergoing treatment for the disease. Depression is a prevalent psychological symptom perceived by breast cancer patients, and it also impacts the quality of life (QOL) in these patients. We aimed to assess the prevalence of depression and its association with QOL of patients with breast cancer undergoing treatment for breast cancer. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 270 patients diagnosed with breast cancer (>18 years) and undergoing active treatment in a tertiary care center in Kerala, India. Depression was assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 and International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition Research guidelines. We measured the QOL and its domains using the WHOQOL-BREF. Results: The average age of women in research was 53.56 years. Of the 270 patients, 21.5% had depression. Among patients with depression, 22% had moderately severe to severe depression. Patients with depression experienced overall a poor QOL. Twenty-two patients reported their overall QOL was “poor” and 34 patients reported to be dissatisfied with their health. There was an association between depression and domains of QOL. Patients with depression had lower scores in all domains when compared to those without depression. Conclusion: Depression and poor QOL is common among breast cancer patients.






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