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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 166--169

Physiological and psychosocial stressors among hemodialysis patients in educational hospitals of northern Iran

1 Department of Nursing, Member of Psychiatry and Behavioural Science Centre, Sari, Iran
2 Department of Bio Statistic, Member of Psychiatry and Behavioural Science Centre, Sari, Iran
3 Department of Neurologists, Member of Psychiatry and Behavioural Science Centre, Sari, Iran
4 Department of Employment, Ministery of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran
5 Department of Education Development Centre, Medical Science University of Mazandaran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ali Mahdavi
Department of Nursing, Member of Psychiatry and Behavioural Science Centre, Sari
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1075.121533

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Background and Aims: The hemodialysis (HD) patients are experiencing high biopsychosocial stress on all levels. Therefore, this study was designed to survey on physiologic and psychosocial stressors among HD patients in two educational hospitals of Northern Iran. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 80 HD patients who were referred to Khomeini and Fatemeh Zahra hospitals in Mazandaran (Northern Iran) during the year 2011. Data were collected using a demographic information record sheet and Baldree Hemodialysis Stress Scale. Finding: The following physiologic stressors were noted: Fatigue (51.25%), limited time and places for enjoyment (46.25%), and physical activation limitation (32.5%). Similarly the following psychosocial stressors were observed: Fistula (58.75%), limitation of drinking water (47.5%), low quality of life (47.5%), travelling difficulties to the dialysis center (45%), treatment cost (41.5%), and low life expectancy. The stress level was high in women who were married, younger, less dialysis vintage, and belonged to a low education level. Conclusion: This study reports that HD patients have with significant physical and psychosocial problems and they need education, family, and social supports.


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Online since 1st October '05
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