| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2013 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 146--151
Psychiatric morbidity, pain perception, and functional status of chronic pain patients in palliative care
V Rajmohan1, Suresh K Kumar2
1 Muslim Educational Society Medical College, Perintalmanna, India
2 Institute of Palliative Medicine, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
Context: Psychological factors, such as that exist when we experience pain, can profoundly alter the strength of pain perception.
Aim: The study aims to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders, and its association with perception of pain and functional status in chronic patients in palliative care.
Materials and Methods: The sample was selected via simple randomisation and post consent were assessed using (1) a semi- structured questionnaire to elicit socio-demographic information and medical data (2) Brief Pain Inventory (3) ICD-10 Symptom Checklist (4) ICD-10-Diagnostic Criteria for Research (DCR) (5) Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) (6) Covi Anxiety Rating Scale (7) Karnofsky Performance Status Scale. Data was analysed using independent sample t test and chi square test.
Results: The psychiatric morbidity was 67% with depression and adjustment disorders being the major diagnosis. There was a significant association between psychiatric morbidity pain variables (P = 0.000). Psychiatric morbidity significantly impaired activity, mood, working, walk, sleep, relationship, and enjoyment. There was no association between aetiology of pain, type of cancer, treatment for primary condition and treatment for pain and psychiatric morbidity. The functional status of cancer patients was also poorer in patients with psychiatric morbidity (P = 0.008).
Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of psychiatric illness in chronic pain patients of any aetiology. Psychiatric morbidity is associated with increased pain perception, impairment in activity and poor functional status.
Muslim Educational Society Medical College, Perintalmanna
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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