| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2012 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 196--201
Clinical audit on "Evaluation of special issues in adolescents with cancer treated in an adult cancer setting": An Indian experience
Naveen S Salins1, Nandini Vallath1, Prince Varkey1, Kavya Ranganath1, Malathi G Nayak2
1 Department of Integrative Oncology, Bangalore Institute of Oncology-Health Care Global Enterprise, Sampangiram Nagar, Bangalore, India
2 Department of Community Health Nursing Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal, Karnataka, India
Background: Adolescents with cancer form a distinct group with special care needs. These patients are often cared in an adult supportive care setting where the special needs of adolescents are not met.
Aim: To identify special issues in adolescents with cancer and to determine whether special needs of adolescents are met in an adult cancer setting
Materials and Methods: 10 adolescents with cancer were randomly chosen and retrospectively studied for physical, psychoscocial and emotional issues using an internally validated tool.
Results: Pain was the most common physical symptom seen in all 10 patients. 3 out of 10 patients were involved in decision making, 3 out of 10 patients had identity issues and 4 out of 10 patients had peer group isolation issues. Only 3 were aware of diagnosis and none were aware of treatment outcomes and mortality. 4 out of 10 had anxiety and depression and 3 out of 10 had body image issues. Sexuality, spiritual and existential issues were not explored in any of the patients studied.
Conclusion: The outcomes of the study were in an adult oncology setting there was a poor recognition of key adolescent issues such as sexuality, body image, identity and peer group isolation. The psychosocial supports to these adolescents were minimal and spiritual and existential issues were not explored. The inferences drawn from this study suggested a need for multidisciplinary team approach oriented in handling adolescent care needs and preferably to have a dedicated space that will help the peer group to interact, bond and cope better with the illness.
Naveen S Salins
Department of Integrative Oncology, Bangalore Institute of Oncology-Health Care Global Enterprise, Sampangiram Nagar, Bangalore
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*