| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2012 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 31--33
Feeding tube-related complications and problems in patients receiving long-term home enteral nutrition
Vasileios Alivizatos, Vasiliki Gavala, Panagiotis Alexopoulos, Alexandros Apostolopoulos, Slaja Bajrucevic
Department of Surgery and Artificial Nutrition Unit, "St. Andrew" General Hospital, Patra, Greece
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term complications and problems related to gastrostomy and jejunostomy feeding tubes used for home enteral nutrition support and the effect these have on health care use.
Materials and Methods: The medical records of 31 patients having gastrostomy (27 patients) and jejunostomy (4) feeding tubes inserted in our Department were retrospectively studied. All were discharged on long-term (>3 months) enteral nutrition and followed up at regular intervals by a dedicated nurse. Any problem or complication associated with tube feeding as well as the intervention, if any, that occurred, was recorded. Data were collected and analyzed.
Results: All the patients were followed up for a mean of 17.5 months (4-78). The most frequent tube-related complications included inadvertent removal of the tube (broken tube, plugged tube; 45.1%), tube leakage (6.4%), dermatitis of the stoma (6.4%), and diarrhea (6.4%). There were 92 unscheduled health care contacts, with an average rate of such 2.9 contacts over the mean follow-up time of 17.5 months.
Conclusion: In patients receiving long-term home enteral nutrition, feeding tube-related complications and problems are frequent and result in significant health care use. Further studies are needed to address their optimal prevention modalities and management.
Department of Surgery and Artificial Nutrition Unit, "St. Andrew" General Hospital, Patra
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